Greek and Roman Gods and Godesses

God or Goddess Greek name

Role in the Greek Pantheon God or Goddess Roman name Role in the Roman Pantheon
Zeus Leader of the gods and god of the sky and thunder; Cronus sired several children by Rhea: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, but swallowed them all as soon as they were born, since he had learned from Gaia and Uranus that he was destined to be overcome by his own son as he had overthrown his own father. But when Zeus was about to be born, Rhea sought Uranus and Earth to devise a plan to save him, so that Cronus would get his retribution for his acts against Uranus and his own children. Rhea gave birth to Zeus in Crete, handing Cronus a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes which he promptly swallowed. Jupiter (Jove) Same; in charge of laws and social order
Hera Goddess of marriage, and wife and sister of Zeus. Juno watch and protect all women; patroness of marriage; protected the finances of the Roman Empire
Athena Goddess of wisdom; favorite daughter of Zeus, born from his head,; attended by an owl, carried the goatskin called the aegis and was accompanied by the goddess of victory, Nike . Athena is an armed warrior goddess, never a child, always a virgin, (parthenos). The Parthenon at Athens is her most famous shrine. She never had a consort or lover; patron of the art of weaving and other crafts, wisdom and battle Minerva Her name may have originally meant "thought". Minerva was the daughter of Jupiter and Juno. She was considered to be the virgin goddess of warriors, poetry, medicine, wisdom, commerce, crafts, and the inventor of music.
Ares God of war and son of Zeus and Hera Mars Roman god of war
Hestia Goddess of the hearth, gentleness, domesticity and the family. Her name means "home and hearth": the household and its inhabitants. Vesta Virgin goddess of home and hearth
Cronus Leader and youngest of the Titans. His mother was Gaia, and his father was Uranus; Cronus was worshipped as a corn god, from his association with the Golden Age. He was a god of the harvest, grain, nature, and agriculture. He was usually depicted with a sickle, Saturn Same
Hephaistos Fire and the forge; quite ugly; he was crippled and misshapen at birth Vulcan God of fire and volcanoes, and the manufacturer of art, arms, Iron, and armor for gods and heroes.
Eros god who was in charge of passionate and physical love, as well as a fertility god Cupid son of Venus and Mars; god of love
Poseidon god of the sea; god of earthquakes and horses Neptune Same
Dionysus Greek god of wine, was the son of Zeus and Semele (in Eleusis, Zeus and Demeter). He represented not only the intoxicating power of wine, but its social and beneficent influences likewise; he was viewed as the promoter of civilization, and a lawgiver and lover of peace, as well as the patron deity of both agriculture and the theater Bacchus Same
Aphrodite Goddess of love and beauty; married to Hephaistos; Aphrodite was associated with, and often depicted with dolphins, doves, swans, pomegranates and lime trees. Venus Same; her feast day, the veneralia, was celebrated on April 1
Mnemosyne One of the twelve titans, daughter of Uranus (sky) and Gaea (earth), the personification of memory    
Hades The god of the underworld Pluto same
Persephone Queen of the underworld Proserpina same, daughter of Ceres, and brother of Jupitur
Demeter Goddess of agriculture, daugher of Persophene Ceres daughter of Saturn and Rhea
Rhea Magna Mater deorum Idaea ("Great Mother Goddess from Mount Ida) sister and wife to Cronus (Saturn), one of the twelve titans depicted on a chariot drawn by two lions; strongly associated with Cybele    

The Muses

The Nine Muses were the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne

Calliope (epic poetry)
Clio (history)
Erato (love poetry)
Euterpe (music and lyric poetry -- flute)
Melpomene (tragedy)
Polyhymnia (oratory, singing)
Terpsichore (dancing)
Thalia (comedy and pastoral poetry)
Urania (astronmy)