Arc 172

Architectural Design II

A beginning studio course in architectural design using aesthetic principles of movement, balance, rhythm, repetition, proportion, scale, and sequence to produce architectural designs of parts of buildings in drawing, model and computer-aided drawing form. This course is taught in a combined “Vertical Studio” collaborative environment with and alongside students from ARC171, INT201, and INT202 (beginning architecture students and interior design students) in order to be able to learn from other students’ efforts, share ideas, and learn how to work as a team.

Carlos Concepcion, Instructor

Prerequisite: ARC171

Text: Ching, Francis. Architecture: Form, Space and Order.

Department Policy

Quality Assurance Rules

Materials Required in this Course

Grading Policy

Architecture - What is it?

The Problem of Design

Architectural Methodology

Architectural Presentation

The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered


Course Outline:

The following topics will be covered:

Introduction to Design Composition


Design tools - point, line, shape, form, volume, space, sequence, color, texture, light
Project No. 2 - analysis of program

Composition Tools: Movement (Static and Dynamic), Balance (Symmetric - axial, biaxial, radial - and Asymmetric), Repetition, Rhythm, Harmony, Proportion, Scale

Image, Expressive of its function, Reminiscent (of something), Imitation of a historical style, Expressive of its structure, Complementary to context, Contrast to context, Grid and module, Focal Point

Compositional Tools: proportion

Techniques of Design:

"Concept" (also called "partee" or "idea") the essence of the design, the simply expressed main idea.

Combining elements


Rearranging Elements

Lining up
Pushing and Pulling
Pin Wheeling

Superimposing a geometry

Working from simple to complex

Working from complex to simple

Additive Form (adding on)

Subtractive Form (scooping out)

Modular Organization

Using a predetermined building plan "type"

Double-loaded corridor
Single-loaded corridor
Central hall

Using a predetermined structural system

Design from the "Outside-In" (select a predetermined form and fill it up)

Design from the "Inside-Out" (exterior form of the building results from the spaces needed on the inside, or from the functional program)

Optimize solar exposure

Design from energy conservation standpoint

Passive solar energy
Active solar energy
Combination of passive and active solar energy
"Super insulated"
Earth Contact
Natural lighting
Building envelope optimization (the least area of enclosure to surround the maximum volume of building)

Select a main theme or focal point and develop building or interior around the focal point (like a steeple in a church)

Design around the topography of the site

Design around vehicular traffic and parking (such as an airport)

Separation of public and private spaces

Organize the building around pleasant or spectacular views

Imitate a historic style of architecture or interior design

Reproduce an "image" of an object which is familiar